Tank crewmen are professional servicemen who serve in tank, armour, or mechanised infantry units as well as in tank repair units of land forces.
It is known that tank units were created at the beginning of the 20th century and still remain the main assault force of land forces. Tanks are designed for the destruction of enemy tanks, IFVs, armoured carriers, vehicles, armoured hardware, artillery, enforced structures and manpower, as well as for carrying out marches and force crossing of rivers, digging trenches during battles, protecting the tank crew from chemical and radiological attacks. Tanks can serve as portable command stations for platoon, company, battalion or regiment commanders, provide communication through its radio station, carry out direct fires, assist the artillery, carry out camouflaging when in defence with the help of smoke grenades, can be used for troop transportation and demining purposes. In addition, tank units are designed to break through the adversary defence, as well as to destroy low-flying aircraft, helicopters and drones with its machine guns.
In the past, tank crews composed four or five people; today’s tanks have crews of three soldiers: the tank commander, the gunman and the mechanic-driver who perform all basic roles. This is why tank crews usually comprise physically strong men with good eyesight and hearing.
The exploitation of modern tanks and their operation in battles requires that tank crewmen have knowledge in electronics, computer technology, hydraulics, theoretical mechanics, metal theories, repair skills as well as special tactical skills.